The epidemiology triangle the epidemiology triangle is a traditional model used in determining the causes of diseases (page et al, 1995) the vertices consist of the host, or the carrier of the disease, the agent or the cause of the disease, and the environment where the host and the agent are brought together (ibid. Since body fat can be measured in several ways, statistics on the epidemiology of obesity vary between sources while bmi is the most basic and commonly used indicator of obesity, other measures include waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, skinfold thicknesses, and bioelectrical impedance. The epidemiological triangle/cycle for malaria could me shown as: following control and prevention measures can be implemented at the various levels of the chains of the epidemiological triangle/cycle.
Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders, and some cancers  there are two main types of diabetes: type 1 (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) and type 2 (adult-onset diabetes mellitus. Epidemiology is all about the science that deals with spread and control of diseases virus n stuff 251 views khadak bisht , study in population inbterms of time place and animals. Epidemiologic model can be implemented on the local and regional levels to address the health problems related to obesity integration of the epidemiologic model within community-based programs provides the format for focusing.
The pathogenesis of obesity-related hypertension is supported by the physiological mechanisms that leptin, free fatty acids, and insulin—whose levels are increased in. Research the division of epidemiology has a core of faculty who are internationally recognized for their research on the behavioral and environmental factors associated with obesity, and on interventions designed to prevent obesity in adult, child, and adolescent populations. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases in populations it is the key quantitative discipline that underpins public health, which is often defined as the organised efforts of society to prevent disease and to promote health most research and training in cambridge. This paper will not only define and describe epidemiology, but will also discuss the following steps and methods of epidemiology, epidemiological triangle, type of epidemiology used, as well as description of the relationship of the disease to various levels of prevention, as related to childhood obesity.
The definition, epidemiology, and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents will be presented here comorbidities of obesity in children and adolescents and the clinical evaluation of the obese child or adolescent are discussed separately. Epidemiology paper raquel solorzano nsg/450 december 13, 2012 penny horper mental health and obesity according to world health organization (2012), epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other. These three elements, the agent, host, and an environment, are traditionally referred to as the epidemiologic triangle this model, originally developed as a way of identifying causative factors, transmission, and risk related to infectious diseases. Obesity has received considerable attention as a major health hazard this review aims at describing some of the epidemiological features of obesity including global prevalence, secular trends, risk factors, and burden of illness related to obesity we have placed special emphasis on obesity trends.
Relationship to disease frequency, study design, the ethical framework within which we practise epidemiology and conduct research, the relationship of epidemiology to other the concepts of epidemiology are discussed in detail, and in an integrated way. Objectives • by the end of the presentation, the participant will be able to: – describe the common tasks and role of epidemiology in chronic disease prevention and control – discuss the functions of surveillance in chronic disease. Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health body mass index (bmi) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults it is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square. In the united states, obesity among adults and overweight among children and adolescents have increased markedly since 1980 among adults, obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 or greater among children and adolescents, overweight is defined as a body mass index for age at or above the 95th percentile of a specified reference population.
Weight-control information network dhhsniddkweight-control information network find up-to-date, science-based information on obesity, weight control, physical activity, and related nutritional issues. Objective this report examines what is known about the relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes and how future research in these areas might be directed to benefit prevention, interventions, and overall patient care. Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes creator: giel nijpels epidemiology is the study of the prevalence and the incidence of diseases, and few of the non-communicable diseases have shown such a dramatic increase as type 2 diabetes in the last decades.
Epidemiology is a science concerned with morbidity and mortality: it studies the distribution of states of health and disease in the community as well as the distribution of health- related events and their. A key feature of epidemiology is the measurement of disease outcomes in relation to a population at risk the population at risk is the group of people, healthy or sick, who would be counted as cases if they had the disease being studied. Epidemiology paper roshanda dixon grand canyon university: nrs-427v march 27, 2015 abstract according to the reading epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of the health related stated or events (who, 2013. Epidemiology provides a scientific basis for clinical and public health practice indeed, epidemiology can be used to guide how we define, diagnose, and screen for diabetes, to describe the present and future burden of diabetes, and to highlight opportunities for intervention diabetes is a group of disorders characterized by high glucose levels that cause unique eye, kidney, and nerve.